Walk: “Leszno yesterday, Muranów today” | Krystyna Bartos
Meeting point: in front of Muranów cinema theatre, (the walk will end in front of the gate to Krasiński Garden)
Duration: ca. 2 hrs.
Leszno Jurydyka was a special place in the history of Warsaw. For many years, it hosted the members of the Calvin and Lutheran church, Catholics and the Jewish people. Coming to Warsaw, Huguenot craftsmen also chose to live in Leszno, many of them worked for king Stanisław August Poniatowski. This is where the location of the first evangelic cemetery (the grave of Butzaua, the hajduk who died defending king Stanisław August Poniatowski during the king’s kidnapping by the Bar Confederation members) which was followed by a hospital and church.
In the second half of the 19th century, Leszno and Muranów started to attract Jewish settlers. With the growing number of Jewish residents, Leszno and the surrounding areas saw new Jewish life institutions. Prayer houses but also book shops and publishing houses (e.g. Owned by Bernard Lesman, Leszno no. 13), schools, libraries, theatres that brimmed with Yiddish. Nalewki, Nowolipie and Nowolipki streets became the locations of the newspapers published in Yiddish (Der Moment, Unzer Expres) and Polish (Nasz Przegląd).
Until WW2, only a small distance separated: the catholic church of the Birth of Virgin Mary, Evangelical-Reformed church, Jewish prayer houses, Hassidic shtiebels and the modern Synagogue on Tłomackie St. The walk’s route will include the places that remind us about the multicultural Warsaw and its residents in this part of the city as well as new streets of Muranów, built after WW2.